MRHS stands for Medical Care Model. The conventional medical care concept is predicated on sickness or illness. Symptoms obtained from patients are collated using this biological approach to issues. A differential of probable diseases or illnesses is developed based on these symptoms. Laboratory tests and x-rays are used to confirm or rule out suspected problems.
The patient is then treated with medications, which usually do not cure disease but only mask its symptoms. In addition to medications, other treatments include surgery, which may be required to remove cancerous tumors, and physical therapy, which aims to restore range of motion and muscle strength in injured organs.
This form of medicine was first established around 400 B.C. but has seen many changes over time. It still forms the basis for most health care in the United States today. This kind of treatment works best when there is a clear diagnosis. If disease markers appear then treatment can focus on reducing the number of cells producing these markers or preventing their accumulation in vital parts of the body.
Unfortunately, this approach cannot treat conditions that have no visible signs, such as HIV/AIDS or hepatitis C. Also, it may not work at all in some cases such as sarcoma, where chemotherapy even though effective in killing cancer cells actually promotes tumor growth.
The medical model is a health model that proposes that disease is recognized and identified by a systematic process of observation, description, and distinction using standard accepted techniques such as medical examinations, tests, or a set of symptom descriptions. The goal is to identify what is wrong with the patient and provide treatment for it.
In contrast, the psychosocial model views illness as resulting from the interaction between an individual and their environment. Disease is not seen as something that can be isolated from its surrounding factors; rather, it is understood as a result of disruption to the normal functioning of the body due to environmental influences.
This model focuses on the impact that external forces have on an individual's mental health instead of looking at issues within the mind itself. The psychosocial model aims to treat the cause of an illness instead of just the symptoms. For example, if a person is suffering from depression, then counseling them to help them deal with the causes of this depression (such as stressors at work) would be more effective than simply giving them pills which will just mask the symptoms but not deal with the underlying cause.
The medical model has been widely used in modern medicine and provides a clear framework within which doctors can identify diseases and choose treatments.
The biological model of medicine is the current dominant model of sickness employed in most Western healthcare systems, and it is based on the belief that health is defined only by the absence of illness. Disease is seen as a violation of the normal state of balance between body cells, and its onset is triggered by a traumatic event such as an injury or infection. Symptoms then appear when damaged tissue attempts to repair itself by calling in more immune cells to combat the initial insult.
In other words, disease is seen as a battle between our own immune system and the foreign invaders that are thought to cause it. If this battle is lost then more immune cells are called in to fight the war against infection and inflammation. Over time these repeated attacks will lead to more damage being done to healthy tissue than to infected tissue, and this increased destruction will eventually lead to illness and disease.
This understanding has led to the development of therapies that boost our own immune system to fight off infections and diseases, for example vaccines and antibiotics. Immunologists also seek ways to use our own immune defenses against cancer. In some cases immunotherapy has been very successful; for example, treatment with antibodies that block tumor growth or inhibit the activity of tumor-supporting immune cells. But many types of cancer are resistant to such interventions, probably because they develop ways to avoid being killed by the patient's immune system.
A medical simulation The idea that illnesses can be detected, treated, and, in most cases, cured because they have physical causes. This theory was first proposed by Hippocrates in 400 B.C., but it wasn't until the 19th century that scientists began to apply scientific methods to medicine, leading to the development of modern clinical practices.
In psychology, the medical model views mental illness as a brain disease, like diabetes or cancer. It assumes that symptoms are caused by abnormalities in the chemical balance or structure of the brain, and treatments should try to restore this balance by using medications or therapies such as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT).
The medical model has been widely adopted by psychologists. For example, a large majority of psychologists believe that anxiety disorders are diseases that can be diagnosed based on their physiological effects on the body. Furthermore, antidepressant drugs are viewed as effective only if someone's mental state improves after they are administered. Finally, psychotherapy is usually considered to be an integral part of treatment for most psychiatric conditions.
However, there is a growing movement away from the medical model. Some people feel that it gives patients with psychological problems a bad image of themselves.
The biomedical model of health is the most prevalent in the Western world and focuses only on biological causes. A medical model of disability is contained within the biomedical paradigm of health. The key concept within this model is disease or disorder, which is seen as a harmful response to an insult or injury to the body's cells or tissues caused by stressors such as trauma, infection, or lifestyle factors.
Biological factors that may lead to illness include genetic makeup, environmental influences, and life style factors. Within this framework, health is defined as the absence of disease or disorder. Health care providers who follow this model aim to return patients to normal life as soon as possible with medication or surgery if necessary.
Psychosocial factors are ignored by this model. They are important in determining who will suffer from what diseases and why. For example, someone with no family history of heart disease might be expected to have a better chance of surviving a heart attack than someone with a family history of the condition. However, because psychosocial factors are not considered within the biomedical model, it cannot explain this phenomenon.
In conclusion, the biomedical model considers health to be the absence of disease or disorder caused by biological factors outside the body. This model has become popular within the Western world because it can easily be applied in practice.