Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a widespread condition that affects 10-20% of the adult population [1, 2]. Several studies have been conducted to study the relationship between OSA and obstructive airway disease (OAD), which includes both asthma and chronic obstructive airway disease (COPD). It is now believed that OSA may cause or contribute to the development of OAD. The two most common forms of OAD are asthma and COPD. Other types of OAD include bronchiectasis, pulmonary fibrosis, and sarcoidosis.
OSA is a disorder in which people experience repeated episodes of awakening due to airflow obstruction caused by collapse of soft tissue in the throat during sleep. As a result, people with OSA experience fragmented sleep and severe oxygen desaturation. These events can cause serious daytime impairment, such as memory problems and poor coordination, as well as increased risk of motor vehicle accidents.
Asthma is a long-term inflammatory disease of the airways in which the muscles around the lungs tighten or contract causing blockages in the air passages. This contraction results in breathing difficulties because the muscles need to work to keep air flowing in and out of the lungs. Asthma attacks can be triggered by substances such as dust mites, animal danders, pollen, mold, and gases such as smoke, sulfur dioxide, and nitrogen oxides. The main treatment for asthma is control of symptoms and prevention of attacks through the use of medications and environmental controls.
The American Osteopathic Association (AOA) The American Osteopathic Association and the American Optometric Association are also abbreviated as AOA. They are both based in Arlington, Virginia.
AOA is a trade association that promotes osteopathy and optometry as separate and independent professions. Its members include osteopaths and optometrists who practice in the United States.
It was founded in 1883 by seven osteopaths who were dissatisfied with their ability to practice their profession in all parts of the country. They wanted to create a national organization that would support their efforts at reform within the medical community and promote the image of osteopathy in general.
Today, AOA continues its mission of promoting the profession of osteopathy and advocating on behalf of its members. The association has 13 committees and boards that focus on specific issues within the health care industry. Some of these committees and boards include: Committee on Ethics, Committee on Legislative Affairs, Committee on Public Education, Academic Council on Osteopathic Medicine and Science.
As part of its mission to promote the profession of osteopathy, AOA publishes the journal Osteopathic Medical Practice. This peer-reviewed publication serves as an outlet for physicians and scientists to share information related to osteopathic medicine.
Auditory processing disorder (APD), sometimes known as unexplained auditory dysfunction (OAD), is a hearing problem. Peter Suber and Robin Peek established the Open Access Directory. They described it as a search engine for academic journals.
People with APD have problems processing sound in a way that allows them to understand what others are saying, when they want to listen, and what they hear even when someone isn't speaking. The good news is that people can learn to cope with their disability and lead full lives. However, this disability can cause significant difficulties for those who have it. It can affect how well someone performs at school or work, and can also play a role in some other health issues.
There are many factors that can lead to an individual having an APD. The most common cause by far is having been born with certain genes. These genes come in pairs, one from each parent. If both parents carry one of these gene pairs, then about half of their children will too. This means that it's very likely that you will pass on your disordered hearing to your children.
The most prevalent kind of arthritis is osteoarthritis (OA), often known as wear and tear arthritis. When the smooth cushion between bones (cartilage) deteriorates, joints can become painful, inflamed, and difficult to move. OA may affect any joint, although the hands, knees, hips, lower back, and neck are the most commonly affected. As OA progresses, more joints may be involved, and mobility may be limited.
The terms rheumatoid arthritis and spondylarthropathy refer to two types of arthritis that involve inflammation of the joints. Both types of arthritis are associated with pain, stiffness, and swelling of the joints. However, people who have rheumatoid arthritis also have abnormal immune systems that cause their bodies to attack themselves. Spondylarthropathy involves the spine but not all forms of spondylarthropathy are serious. For example, ankylosing spondylitis is a form of spondylarthropathy that causes bone formation which may lead to fusion of the spine. However, this type of arthritis is rarely fatal.
In addition to pain, people with OA may experience difficulty moving parts of the body such as bending over, climbing stairs, or reaching down for objects. As the disease progresses, some people may need assistance with daily activities like bathing, dressing, or going to the bathroom.
There is no cure for OA, but it can be controlled through medication and exercise.