Coronary heart disease, stroke, peripheral artery disease, type 2 diabetes, and high blood pressure are all linked to high cholesterol. In addition, cancer is also associated with high cholesterol.
People who have high cholesterol are at increased risk for developing coronary heart disease (CHD). CHD is the leading cause of death in the United States. Risk factors for developing CHD include age, gender, family history, smoking, excessive alcohol use, diet, physical inactivity, obesity, and elevated levels of plasma lipids (such as total cholesterol or triglycerides).
People with high cholesterol may be advised to change their lifestyle to reduce their risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD includes heart attack, stroke, peripheral artery disease, and abdominal aortic aneurysm.
Lifestyle changes include eating a healthy diet, exercising regularly, not smoking, and managing your weight if you are obese.
Some people are born with high cholesterol. Others can inherit their cholesterol level from their parents. If yours are high, follow a healthful diet and exercise regularly. Try not to eat foods that are high in saturated fat or cholesterol.
According to the researchers, high cholesterol is a risk factor for heart disease and stroke, causing around 2.6 million deaths in the United States each year. About half of these deaths are due to heart disease and half due to strokes.
However, there are very few cases of people dying from low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels only. The most recent study they cited was in 2004, when an 80-year-old man with severe heart problems was on medication that lowered his total cholesterol to 70 mg/dL. He died of a heart attack. The authors concluded that lowering his LDL level any further might have been beneficial.
They also noted that there are cases reported in the literature of people who have had their hearts attacked by fatty substances found in their blood. In some cases, this has led to heart attacks. So, although high cholesterol is not likely to kill you directly, it can be responsible for heart disease and strokes which may lead to your death.
There are two main types of cholesterol: good cholesterol and bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol helps move nutrients through your blood stream while bad cholesterol builds up on the walls of your arteries.
Cholesterol is a kind of fat found in the blood (lipid). We all need some cholesterol in our blood to keep healthy, but having too much can lead to major health issues in the future, such as heart attacks and strokes. High cholesterol may affect anybody, even if they are young, slender, eat properly, and exercise often. There are two types of cholesterol: good cholesterol and bad cholesterol.
The body makes some of the cholesterol it needs itself, but also gets part of its supply from food. Foods high in cholesterol include meat products, poultry, fish, milk, cheese, eggs, beans, nuts, and seeds. Trans fats are another type of cholesterol that we know are not good for you, but they appear in many foods today, especially processed ones. They are found in commercial bakery goods, fried foods, and packaged snacks.
You can control your risk of getting cancer by avoiding tobacco products, eating a nutritious diet, exercising regularly, and managing your stress levels. Cholesterol levels are linked to several kinds of cancer including breast, colon, prostate, mouth, liver, lung, and brain. However, there is no evidence that lowering your cholesterol will prevent any type of cancer or help cure someone who has cancer.
Some medical treatments can cause your cholesterol to rise again after you stop taking them. These include estrogen therapy following menopause, chemotherapy for cancer, and radiation treatment for cancer tumors near the chest area.
Too much bad cholesterol can raise your risk of heart disease, stroke, and other complications. High blood cholesterol is referred to medically as lipid disease, hyperlipidemia, or hypercholesterolemia. The three main types of cholesterol are low-density lipoprotein (LDL), medium-density lipoprotein (MDL), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL). LDL is responsible for carrying oxygen around the body while HDL carries cholesterol back to the liver where it can be recycled or removed from the body.
There are two major classes of drugs used to treat high cholesterol and risk of heart disease: HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors (or "statins") and polyunsaturated fatty acids (or "omega-3s"). There are also some natural products that may help reduce cholesterol levels include plant sterols and bile acid resins.
Statins are by far the most common treatment for elevated cholesterol levels. They work by reducing the production of cholesterol or blocking its absorption from the intestine, allowing for lower levels to be maintained over time.
Statins are very effective at lowering cholesterol levels; however, they do not appear to have any effect on pre-existing conditions such as heart disease or stroke.