Tears are more subtle and may merely be linked with discomfort, but ruptures are generally associated with apparent abnormalities (such as a tendon folding up) and an audible snap. If you believe that you have ripped or ruptured a tendon or ligament, get medical assistance right once. It is important to receive appropriate treatment as soon as possible after the injury occurs.
The major muscle groups are made up of several individual muscles which are attached at one end to a bone and at the other to another bone or body part. A muscle group is capable of producing force and movement. For example, the quadriceps muscle group is responsible for extending the leg. When one or more of these muscles is/are injured, it can lead to limited mobility or disability of the limb. There are many ways in which muscles can be injured, some common ones are listed here:
Muscle injuries can be acute or chronic. Acute injuries usually heal within a few weeks while chronic injuries may last for months or years. The main difference between acute and chronic muscle injuries is how long the damage to the muscle is present. If a muscle is damaged for a short period of time, it will heal itself; if it is damaged for longer than two weeks, then it becomes chronic.
The three main types of muscle injuries are strains, tears, and fractures. A strain is when a muscle is overstressed beyond its ability to recover.
A ruptured tendon is a partial or full tear of your tendon. Tendons are tight bands of tissue that connect muscles to bones. An injury or increased strain on the tendon during sports or a fall can cause a tear. If you have a weak tendon, your risk may be increased. The Achilles tendon is particularly vulnerable because it has few muscle fibers attached to it. A chronic lack of use will also increase your risk for rupture.
Tears can be partial or complete. In general, a complete tear involves the separation of the ends of the tendon while a partial tear only separates the ends enough to allow them to remain attached by some material such as fibrous tissue or ligaments. However, this is not always the case; many tears are both complete and partial at the same time. Ruptures most often occur in the shoulder or hand but can also happen in the elbow or knee. In fact, more than half of all Achilles tendon ruptures occur in people who have no history of trauma.
The severity of the tear depends on how much of the tendon is separated from its attachment to the bone. Partial tears can be difficult to diagnose using current imaging techniques. Patients with partial tears may experience pain when putting weight on the injured leg and may have difficulty standing up after sitting for a long period of time. Complete tears result in the loss of muscle function because they disrupt the connection between muscle and bone.
Many people use the phrases "sprain" and "tear" interchangeably, however they are not the same injury... Sprain symptoms commonly include:
Any organ (such as the spleen) or soft tissue rupture or tear (such as the achilles tendon). This is the most common type of trauma-related injury to the body. A rupture can be full or partial; in other words, it can be complete or there may still be some degree of separation between the two sides of the tendon or ligament.
Based on the degree of damage, injuries can be classified as acute or chronic. With an acute injury, the blood supply to the area is blocked for a period of time, causing pain and swelling. With chronic injury, blood flow is reduced over time without interruption. The body then tends to repair itself by strengthening the remaining fibers of the tendon or ligament.
The treatment for a rupture depends on the degree of injury. For example, if a patient with a partial rupture decides to go ahead with surgery, they would likely have a graft placed in the hole in the tendon to help support it until it heals. If there is no sign that the wound will heal on its own and the patient's symptoms are due to excess tension on the tendon, then surgery is necessary to relieve this tension so the tendon can heal properly.
A complete rupture is usually treated with surgery.
Bicep tendon rips can be significant, although nonsurgical treatments such as rest and physical therapy can help. If you believe you have injured your bicep tendon, consult a doctor as soon as possible. Getting a diagnosis and therapy as soon as possible will help you heal more completely.
A bicep tear occurs when the biceps muscle tears away from its attachment on the arm bone (elbow). This injury can be difficult to diagnose because the muscle appears to be intact but may be torn inside. Pain that spreads from the shoulder to the elbow should alert doctors to the possibility of a bicep tendon rupture.
Bicep tendon ruptures are serious injuries that require surgery to repair. The surgeon will examine you closely after you've been evaluated by a sports medicine specialist. Your doctor will also review all of your athletic activities with you before you go into surgery. The goal is to identify any activity modifications that may reduce your risk of re-injury while you recover.
After surgery, you must protect the area around the wound while you heal. You should also avoid lifting anything over 10 pounds until told otherwise by your doctor. Rehabilitation is very important for bicep tendon repairs to heal properly. Physical therapy exercises designed to strengthen the shoulder girdle and improve range of motion are recommended following surgery.
Tendonitis, steroid usage, aging, and chronic illnesses such as arthritis can all lead to weak tendons.
The three major tendons that run behind the knee are the hamstring, quadriceps, and patellar tendon. These tendons connect the muscles of the legs to the foot, pelvis, and arm, respectively. A ruptured tendon can be difficult to repair and often leads to decreased strength and range of motion in the injured leg.
Tendon injuries are common but difficult to diagnose. Your doctor will conduct a complete medical history and physical examination to identify signs of damage to the tendon. An x-ray may be taken to rule out other problems with your bones or joints. In some cases, an MRI scan may be recommended to see if there is any fluid around the tendon or bone marrow changes that might indicate disease.
The best treatment for a torn tendon is prevention. Be sure to follow proper warm-up procedures before exercise. Strong muscles protect tendons by providing stability while they heal. After a tendon injury, it may take several months for it to recover its strength.
The injection of steroids into a tendon, certain disorders (such as gout or hyperparathyroidism), and having type O blood all increase the likelihood of a rupture. Although rare, a tendon rupture can be a significant disease that can cause intense pain and irreversible impairment if left untreated. A tendon is a cord of muscle tissue and elastic fibers that connects one bone to another. Tendons connect muscles to bones, allowing us to move our bodies properly. There are several different types of tendons, each serving a specific purpose:
Tendons are most often injured by excessive force being applied to them during an activity or movement of the body. For example, when lifting something heavy without proper support, a person may stress the muscles of the back and arms while failing to give the tendonous cords in the hand and leg sufficient room to stretch and relax. This can lead to tears of the tendons themselves or of the connecting ligaments.
Tendon injuries can be acute or chronic. Acute tendon injuries occur suddenly due to a trauma such as a car accident or fall. With chronic tendon injuries, no clear cause can be identified except for age and underlying health conditions. Overuse injuries are common among athletes who practice repetitive movements with insufficient rest between sessions. These injuries can gradually worsen over time until finally becoming unbearable to walk on. Surgery may be required to repair a ruptured tendon if healing does not occur naturally.