Not hypertension-level high, but borderline high. Say 130 is better than 85. Normal blood pressure is 120/80 or below, whereas hypertension is 140/90 or greater. Borderline high means that you're at risk for developing chronic kidney disease and other health problems associated with high blood pressure.
Your doctor will want to see your blood pressure on two different days so he can compare the results. If it's between 90/60 and 100/70, he may say you have mild hypertension. If it's above 110/70, he'll probably prescribe medication to reduce it to healthy levels.
High blood pressure is a major risk factor for heart attack and stroke. If you have borderline high blood pressure, your doctor will likely recommend changes in your lifestyle - such as weight loss if you are overweight, less sodium, and more exercise - to help bring it down to normal range.
Kidney disease is one of the most common complications of high blood pressure. If your blood pressure is higher than 140/90, your doctor will likely suggest ways to protect your kidneys from further damage. He may also ask you to give a sample of your blood to check how well your kidneys are functioning. If they need repair or replacement, this can be done through surgery or implants.
A revised definition of hypertension (hypertension) In a summary, the guidelines specify that normal blood pressure is less than 120/80, whereas it was previously less than 140/90. Elevated blood pressure (without a hypertension diagnosis) is now defined as systolic blood pressure (the top number) between 120 and 129.9 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) or diastolic blood pressure (the bottom number) between 80.5 and 89.4 mm Hg.
These are the first national guidelines for treating and preventing high blood pressure. They build on previous guidelines from the American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Physicians (ACP). The new recommendations come after years of research into how to reduce the risk of heart disease and other problems associated with high blood pressure.
The AHA/ACP guidelines include several changes from the earlier guidelines. These include lowering the normal blood pressure range to below 120/80 from below 130/85, recommending that all adults over the age of 18 be tested for blood pressure, and clarifying that drug treatments should be used to lower blood pressure instead of just avoiding those who are already taking them.
The new guidelines also say that people with diabetes should have their blood sugar checked regularly with eye examinations recommended at least every two years. People with chronic kidney disease should have their protein levels checked regularly, receive guidance on how much salt they eat, and avoid consuming too much potassium.
What exactly is hypertension (high blood pressure)?
|Blood Pressure Levels|
|Normal||systolic: less than 120 mm Hg diastolic: less than 80 mm Hg|
|At Risk (prehypertension)||systolic: 120–139 mm Hg diastolic: 80–89 mm Hg|
|High Blood Pressure (hypertension)||systolic: 140 mm Hg or higher diastolic: 90 mm Hg or higher|
Normal blood pressure is 120/80 or less. If your blood pressure is 130/80, you have high blood pressure (stage 1). High blood pressure in stage 2 is defined as 140/90 or greater. If you have a blood pressure measurement of 180/110 or above on many occasions, seek medical attention immediately. This condition is serious and requires treatment.
The numbers given for blood pressure are the person's systolic and diastolic pressures. The higher of these two numbers is referred to as the "blood pressure reading." There are several types of blood pressure cuffs used by doctors to record these numbers. As you leave the doctor's office, you will be given instructions on how to use a home blood pressure monitor to take your own readings at home.
It is important to know your blood pressure so that you can take action if needed. Early detection can help prevent heart disease and other complications associated with high blood pressure.
Taking medications and changing one's lifestyle are the best ways to control blood pressure. If you are already taking medications for hypertension, ask your doctor what kind of pills work best for you. It may be possible to switch some of those drugs around to reduce your risk of getting medication-resistant hypertension.
If you decide to try an alternative therapy, make sure you discuss it with your physician first. While most people will benefit from some form of exercise, this should not be done if it causes you pain.