Steroid users should keep a close eye on their blood sugar levels and may need to take oral medicine or insulin if they get too high. In general, blood sugar levels should return to normal within 1-2 days of completing steroid medication. However, if you have diabetes then you should check your blood sugar more frequently than this.
Here are some examples of conditions that can cause blood sugars to be low:
Exhaustion/stress: Excessive stress and exhaustion can lead to low blood sugar because the body uses up its energy reserves.
Illness: A cold or the flu can cause blood sugars to go down. This is because viruses use up energy producing cells (bodies) so the remaining cells work harder to produce more adrenaline and cortisol which controls sugar in the blood. When someone gets better they start using these energy reserves so blood sugars will rise back to normal.
Pregnancy and breast-feeding: During pregnancy and breast-feeding, women tend to have lower blood sugars because hormones control glucose metabolism differently during these times. Women who have diabetes should discuss with their doctors how to manage their condition while pregnant or breast-feeding.
Lifestyle factors: A poor diet and lack of exercise can lead to high blood sugars and potentially cause them to rise again when taking steroids.
Your blood glucose levels are likely to rise if you have diabetes and are taking steroids. Steroid drugs can elevate blood glucose levels by decreasing insulin activity (creating insulin resistance) and causing the liver to release stored glucose into the circulation. The amount of increase in glucose levels depends on the type of steroid used, how long it is taken, and whether or not you have diabetes.
Cortisporins are derivatives of natural cortisol (a hormone that controls inflammation) that work by blocking the action of this hormone. When you block the action of cortisol, your body stops producing its own version of it called cortisone. This causes cortisol levels to drop and may lead to more severe depression, anxiety, weight gain, diabetes, and high blood pressure.
Corticosteroids reduce the immune response to infections and prevent further damage to the lungs in patients with asthma. They also reduce inflammation in other parts of the body such as arthritis and autoimmune diseases such as lupus. These benefits make steroids important tools in the treatment of many health conditions.
However, too much steroid use can be toxic to the body. Long-term exposure to high doses of steroids can cause bone loss, obesity, diabetes, hypertension, and mental problems. Short-term use of high doses can cause psychosis, mood changes, memory problems, and vision problems.
If you're taking oral steroids, you may begin to feel better within a week, but it might take up to a month. If you're taking rectal steroids, you should feel better in a week or two. The full effect of the steroid will not be felt for several weeks though.
Ulcerative colitis is a chronic condition that affects the large intestine and colon. It is characterized by inflammation, injury, and irritation to the lining of the colon. This disease can cause severe diarrhea, abdominal pain, blood in the stool, and anemia due to low red blood cell production by the bone marrow. There are various treatments available for ulcerative colitis; however, there is no cure yet. Medications used to treat the disease include hormones, immunosuppressants, anti-inflammatory agents, and probiotics.
Hormones used to treat ulcerative colitis include salicylates, sulfasalazine, and mercaptopurine. Hormonal therapies work by reducing inflammation and immune response. They may be used alone or in combination with other medications.
Immunosuppressants are drugs that reduce the body's ability to fight off infections and cancer cells. These drugs work by blocking the action of enzymes needed for lymphocytes (cells that protect the body against viruses and bacteria) to function properly.
After a 5-day, fairly high-dose steroid burst, there are usually no withdrawal symptoms. As a result, steroid usage cannot be abruptly discontinued. Tapering the medicine allows the adrenal glands to recover to their natural secretion patterns. (It may take some time for everything to return to normal.)
Since your body has been through a period of stress, it needs time to balance that out again before you can wean yourself off the medication. Be patient and know that everyone's body is different; how long it takes you to get back to normal depends on many factors such as age, weight, history of health problems, etc.
If you're planning on stopping taking the drug, talk with your doctor first so you can be sure that it's safe for you to do so. If you've been prescribed a low dose, your doctor may want to keep you on it for another week or two after you stop taking the high doses.
Prednisone is used to treat a wide variety of conditions including allergies, asthma, autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, skin problems, diabetes, and more. It is also used to reduce the frequency of migraine headaches and to relieve the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
The dosage of a drug can be expressed in terms of its strength (magnitude) and duration.
The good news is that if you stop using steroids and your body re-adjusts, the weight usually falls off. This normally takes 6 months to a year. After this time, you can reduce your dose of steroids if you want to go back on them.
If you keep taking the pills, however, you'll stay thin forever. The moon face will never go away completely, but it may become less noticeable as you get older.
Prednisone and other steroids can induce an increase in blood sugar levels by making the liver insulin resistant. Insulin is produced by the pancreas to regulate blood sugar levels. Diabetes can be caused by a flaw in the way the body reacts to insulin or an issue with insulin synthesis in the pancreas. The most common form of diabetes is based on obesity, age, race, genetics, and lifestyle factors.
People who take steroids may experience increased blood sugar because this drug class has that effect on everyone. Intentional or not, people often fail to account for diet changes when taking steroids. This can lead to weight gain and elevated blood sugar levels. Additionally, some people are genetically more prone to developing diabetes while taking steroids. Last, but not least, steroids can also cause new-onset diabetes through unknown mechanisms.
Diabetes can be controlled either by controlling your blood sugar level or by using medication. Your doctor will help you decide what strategy is best for you. In addition to standard medications used to treat diabetes, your doctor may recommend supplements, such as vitamin B12 or chromium, or changes to your diet or exercise routine. Only you can decide what approach will work best for you; it's important to share any concerns or questions with your doctor.
Taking steroids causes your body to produce more insulin. Thus, people who take steroids are advised to follow a healthy diet and exercise regimen to manage their blood sugar levels.