Fractures (bone breaks), wounds, substantial bruising, and damage to your spinal cord and internal organs are all examples of severe back injuries. Any of the following symptoms may point to a significant back injury: Breathing difficulties or shortness of breath Arm, leg, hand, or foot numbness or pins & needles that won't go away Fever or signs of infection Loss of bladder control In some cases, back pain is the only symptom people have to indicate that they're injured.
If you suspect that you've been in a serious car accident, call 911 immediately. Stay on the phone with emergency responders; they need to know exactly where you were injured.
After the emergency personnel have left the scene, follow their instructions completely. Don't try to move yourself.
The first thing you should do if you have been in an accident involving another vehicle is to make sure everyone involved is okay. If anyone has been taken to the hospital, find out what happened from other witnesses or by contacting the hospitals directly. You may also want to contact your insurance company to report the claim.
If you have been in an accident with no other injuries, then you should get medical attention as soon as possible. The doctor will be able to tell you whether further treatment is needed and if so, what type of surgery might be required.
Less serious back injuries include strains, spasms, and lacerations. The severity of these injuries depends on how far you fall and where you land.
The most common back injury patients suffer is a strain or sprain. These injuries occur when the back muscle fibers stretch but don't tear. Stretches can come from lifting objects too heavy for you to lift, trying to reach something high, or jumping off objects. Spasms are sudden, violent contractions of a muscle group that can cause us pain if they happen frequently enough. They can also be caused by trauma to the spine.
Patients who land on their backs hard enough to break a bone may require surgery to repair any damaged vertebrae. Patients who suffer severe back injuries may require assistance breathing until medical help arrives.
Back injuries can be very dangerous if you're not treated properly. Avoid suffering a back injury by being aware of your body's signals to avoid doing things like lifting objects that are too heavy for you. If you do suffer a back injury, seek immediate medical attention.
Other signs of unsuccessful back surgery include neurological symptoms (e.g., numbness, paralysis, tingling sensations), leg pain, and radicular pain, in addition to chronic back pain (pain that spreads from one area of the body to another, such as from your neck down to your arm).
If you have any of these symptoms, see a doctor immediately so that any problem with your surgery can be diagnosed and treated.
The most common cause of a fractured back is a hard fall. A spinal fracture can occur as a result of a severe injury sustained in a vehicle accident or other collision. Other disorders, however, such as osteoporosis (weak or brittle bones) and spinal malignancies, can also result in vertebral fractures.
Vertebral bodies are the largest bone in the human body. They provide weight support and protect the spinal cord. The seven vertebral bodies make up one half of the spine. The seven vertebrae are classified as cervical, dorsal, lumbar, sacral, sternal, xiphoid, and rib. Each vertebra has an anterior portion that faces the inside of the body and a posterior portion that faces the outside of the body. The two portions of each vertebra join together to form a strong hollow tube for housing the spinal cord. The vertebral canal within which the spinal cord resides is constricted at several points known as intervertebral foramina. This provides some protection to the spinal cord from damage due to excessive pressure from swelling or hemorrhage.
A broken back can be painful and difficult to heal. It may lead to complications including paralysis, loss of feeling or movement, impaired speech, abnormal development, and increased risk of death. Although most patients will recover fully after suffering a single vertebral fracture, multiple fractures increase your chances of having serious problems later in life.