There are three major categories. Periodontal illnesses and disorders are grouped into three major groups in this new categorization system: 1 periodontal health, gingival disorders, and problems; 2 periodontitis; and 3 additional periodontal conditions. The new classification system is based on the severity of your case and the degree to which it may require treatment.
In periodontal health, the gums are healthy and there is no loss of bone or other supportive structure around the teeth. Gummy smiles are common in people who have good dental hygiene but suffer from stress-related gum diseases such as chronic tension headaches, high blood pressure, and diabetes. These individuals need to be evaluated by a dentist if they experience pain or sensitivity when eating or chewing food.
Gingivitis is a mild form of periodontal disease that does not cause any loss of supporting bone or tissue. It can be controlled with proper oral hygiene practices and home care treatments such as rinses, brushes, and pills. If left untreated, however, gingivitis can progress to periodontitis.
Periodontitis is a serious bacterial infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth. If not treated, periodontitis can lead to tooth loss. The two main types of periodontitis are chronic progressive and chronic stable.
Gingivitis, mild periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and severe periodontal disease are the four phases of periodontal disease. Gingivitis is the only stage of periodontal disease that may be reversed since it has not yet attacked the bones. Treatments include brushing and flossing daily, cleaning your tongue, using water picks to remove bacteria from between your teeth, and receiving professional dental care.
To treat gingivitis, see a dentist right away if you have any signs of infection (for example, if you feel pain when chewing) or if your gums are red or swollen. The best course of action for preventing gingivitis is to practice good oral hygiene - this includes brushing and flossing daily and seeing your dentist twice a year for checkups.
To treat mild periodontal disease, see your dentist every six months for examinations, training on proper brushing techniques, and guidance on how to use interdental brushes or gum massage tools at home. If problems develop during these visits, they can be treated right then and there. In some cases, antibiotics may be prescribed by your doctor to fight bacterial infections associated with periodontal disease.
Moderate periodontal disease involves deep pockets forming between your teeth where bacteria can hide. These areas need to be cleaned regularly by a dentist so treatment can begin before further damage occurs.
Periodontics is essentially a discipline of dentistry that deals with the treatment of the oral structures that surround and support the teeth. The jawbone, gums, and surrounding oral tissue can all be affected by the continuous plaque accumulation that causes gingivitis and gum disease. If not treated, this chronic infection may lead to loss of bone and connective tissue around the teeth, resulting in tooth extraction or dental implants.
The goal of periodontal therapy is to prevent further damage to the gums and bones that support the teeth by treating any present inflammation processes and promoting healthy gum tissues. This is done by performing preventive measures such as scaling and root planning (SRP) on all patients at their first visit to the dentist. During SRP, the dentist removes bacterial deposits from the surfaces of the teeth and any tartar (calcium phosphate) buildup using an ultrasonic scaler and polishes the teeth to remove any residual calculus (dead skin cells).
After cleaning, the dentist will apply either fluoride or antibiotic medications to the teeth to help prevent future infections. Then, patient will be instructed on how to maintain proper oral hygiene so that these treatments can be repeated periodically.
In addition to preventing gum diseases, there are several other reasons why it is important for everyone to have a regular dental check-up.
Gingivitis Gingivitis is the most frequent and mild type of periodontitis. Toxins in plaque induce this illness, which can progress to more severe types of periodontal disease. Symptoms include bad breath, pain when chewing certain foods, redness of the gums. There are several factors that can lead to gingivitis, including poor oral hygiene, age, genetics, smoking, stress. Treatment may include changes to diet, lifestyle, and dental care.
Advanced gum disease Advanced gum disease is a serious condition that can lead to tooth loss. It occurs when tissues surrounding the teeth are damaged by bacteria in the saliva causing gingivitis or by the presence of toxins produced by these bacteria. The two main types of advanced gum disease are chronic gingivitis and periodontitis.
Chronic gingivitis If you have chronic gingivitis, your dentist will be able to diagnose it based on the appearance of your gums. They will likely also be able to tell you how long you've had it by looking at old photos of your mouth or by asking about any surgeries you may have had (such as tooth removal) or medications you take. Chronic gingivitis doesn't cause any problems except for the fact that it will probably get worse over time if no treatment is done.