Pioneers used laudanum and rapid rest to treat cholera patients. Increase the person's hydration and salt intake if your supplies do not include laudanum. Malaria: Mosquito bites produce malaria. Treat the patient for the infection instead of just the symptoms. Avoid mosquitoes by using insect repellent, wearing long-sleeved shirts and pants, and setting up screens on doors and windows.
Cholera is an acute bacterial disease that can cause severe dehydration and death if left untreated. Symptoms include intense abdominal pain, diarrhea (often accompanied by vomiting), weakness, fever, and dehydration. The disease was often called the "river plague" because it was once believed to be caused by contaminated water. However there are other ways to get infected with cholera including from eating food or drinking liquids that have been contaminated by feces. People who live in areas where cholera is common should learn how to recognize the signs and symptoms of the disease so they can seek treatment immediately.
Treatment for cholera includes replacement of lost fluids and electrolytes through oral rehydration solutions (ORS) and clean water, respectively. If available, take advantage of medical care early in the course of the illness. The patient's condition will dictate what type of treatment is needed. For example, someone who is severely dehydrated may need more fluid than someone who is only mildly ill.
On the Oregon Trail, this sickness was the leading cause of mortality. It took one-third of the trail's fatalities and might kill them in less than a day. They also kept cholera victims as close to home as possible so more sophisticated medical care could be provided if needed.
People didn't know what causes cholera at the time, but modern scientists think they do now. Cholera is an acute bacterial infection that can spread quickly through crowded conditions such as those found on ships or trails across America. It can also be passed from person to person via contaminated water, food, or feces. The most important thing for travelers to do to protect themselves from cholera is to avoid any kind of contaminated water whether it is drinking water, river water, or toilet water. Also, use clean needles and instruments when treating patients because diseases like cholera are spread through blood contamination.
When cholera first arrived in North America, it killed nearly all who got sick. But doctors learned how to treat patients better over time, and today almost all people survive cholera once they get proper care.
People on the Oregon Trail had no way of knowing that cholera was going to be so deadly. But they did everything they could to treat it and keep its victims safe.
Everyone is infected with cholera. The Oregon Trail had the worst epidemics in 1849, 1850, and 1852. The sole accessible therapy in the game was laudanum, which is now proven to be pure opium. Cholera is still a global pandemic, according to the Centers for Disease Control. It kills hundreds of people every day around the world.
The best source of information is the CDC. They maintain a website that has news articles, fact sheets, and a vaccine database. You can search by disease or topic. For example, you can read about how cholera is transmitted or learn about vaccines available for different populations.
The three main symptoms are severe diarrhea, vomiting, and dehydration. Other symptoms include fever, headache, and muscle pain. Some patients may have only one symptom or another. No patient with cholera should go without medical care because of cost. Anyone who thinks they may have cholera should call their doctor before going to a hospital emergency room or clinic. Emergency rooms often don't have the resources to treat cholera properly and could make the situation worse for you.