Myositis can produce "brain fog," making it difficult to concentrate, organize, and do other associated duties. Myositis produces a wide range of symptoms and affects each individual differently. Some people with myositis may not show many signs of the disease, while others may experience severe problems with muscle strength, mobility, or both.
Many different organs are affected by myositis, but the brain is especially vulnerable to damage due to the high amount of muscle tissue that it contains. This can lead to cognitive impairment as well as mood changes.
Cognitive impairment is common in people with myositis. The two main types are mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia. People with MCI have concerns about their memory but don't meet the criteria for dementia. People with dementia have significant difficulties remembering things, making decisions, managing money, and performing other daily tasks.
About 30% of people with myositis have some degree of cognitive impairment. Depression is also very common among people with myositis. It has been estimated that up to half of all people with myositis are suffering from depression, although this number may be higher since most people with myositis never receive mental health treatment.
People with myositis suffer from inflammation of the muscles.
Brain fog can be a sign of a vitamin shortage, a sleep disturbance, bacterial overgrowth caused by excessive sugar consumption, sadness, or even a thyroid disease. Other typical causes of brain fog include excessive and frequent eating, inactivity, insufficient sleep, chronic stress, and a poor diet. The brain and body are very sensitive organisms; if not given the proper nutrients and opportunities for rest, they will quickly give up and quit functioning properly.
Your brain uses about 20% of your body's blood supply, but contains only 2% of your body's cells. It is therefore essential that you provide it with all the necessary nutrients and oxygen to function at its best. The quality of your brain nutrition directly affects many other parts of your body, such as your eyes, skin, muscles, and immune system. Improving brain health also increases your sense of well-being and happiness.
Your brain needs fat for healthy nerve transmission, and memory formation. It also requires certain vitamins and minerals for optimal cognitive function. For example, Vitamin B12 is needed for the production of new neurons and for maintaining the integrity of existing neurons. Zinc is important for the synthesis of dopamine, which is involved in feelings of pleasure and motivation. Iron is used by enzymes for energy production during mental tasks. Magnesium is required for protein synthesis and for keeping bones healthy. And potassium helps control muscle spasms and maintain fluid balance in the body.
The brain, on the other hand, transmits inflammation by how it makes you feel. Brain fog, or the sensation of sluggish and hazy thinking, is one of the most prevalent signs of brain inflammation. Depression, anxiety, irritability, aggression, memory loss, and weariness are all frequent signs of brain inflammation.
All of these symptoms can be caused by factors other than brain disease, so they should not be used as the only sign that your brain is not working properly. A doctor will be able to diagnose brain inflammation based on your symptoms and results from neurological exams and laboratory tests. The first step is to see if there are any other causes for your symptoms. If not, then you have a case of neuro-inflammation.
There are two types of neuro-inflammations: autoimmune and viral. With autoimmune neuro-inflammation, the body's own immune system attacks the nerve tissue in the brain. Common triggers include stress, smoking, alcohol abuse, certain medications, and certain diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and multiple sclerosis. Viral neuro-inflammations are caused by viruses such as HIV or the herpes family of viruses. These viruses infect the nervous system directly, causing acute symptoms and then setting up permanent residence there which can lead to chronic problems.
Both types of neuro-inflammations can cause many of the same symptoms including pain, trouble with movement or balance, depression, anxiety, cognitive difficulties, and more.
Myositis can induce inflammation and weakening in both the respiratory and skeletal muscles, making breathing difficult or ineffective. Dysphagia (difficulty swallowing) can cause a patient to choke on food or fluids, which are then aspirated (inhaled) into the lungs. This can lead to pneumonia.
Respiratory involvement is common in patients with myositis and may be the first sign of the disease. The severity of respiratory symptoms can range from mild dyspnoea to severe pulmonary hypertension. Lung involvement may be present as isolated abnormalities on chest x-rays or as a part of a more widespread systemic disease. The two main types of lung injury are diffuse interstitial fibrosis (which can be fatal if not treated) and alveolar hemorrhage. Other possible complications include asthma, cysts on the lung surface (called pneumothorax), chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), heart failure, and arrhythmias.
The treatment of myositis depends on what stage of the disease you are in. If you are in the early stages, medication can prevent further damage to your muscle tissue and help reduce pain and fever. Drug treatments for myositis include corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and other medications. Patients with severe symptoms or those at risk for developing respiratory problems should see their doctors more frequently than once per year to monitor their progress.