HS has three clinical phases. Different therapy are best suited to each stage. Treatment should ideally halt the development to stage 3 for as long as feasible. However, there is no treatment for HS, and the disease will finally take its course.
The first phase of HS is called prodromal. During this phase, you may have mild symptoms such as a fever, pain, or aches that do not get better with medication. You may also experience mood changes such as anxiety or depression. These symptoms are most likely due to inflammation-induced nerve damage. Nerve damage can lead to pain, temperature sensitivity, and mood changes.
In the second phase of HS, known as manifest, you will experience severe pain that does not go away. You may also have swelling, stiffness, and tenderness in your joints. Skin lesions may appear, including red bumps on your skin. Your lymph nodes may be swollen.
In the third and final phase of HS, called post-manifest, you will feel improvement even though the disease has not gone into remission. Post-manifestation symptoms include fatigue, memory problems, difficulty controlling urine, and dry mouth. The body's immune system may eventually fight off the disease, but this process could take years.
There is no cure for HS, but treatments can relieve many of the symptoms.
A flare-up might linger for a week or two. However, medication can prevent HS from worsening and help you avoid the most dangerous symptoms. The goal is to get started as soon as possible. Avoiding factors that cause irritation such as hot showers and laundry machines will help keep flares at bay.
If your skin starts to feel itchy or irritated, check with your doctor before using any over-the-counter medications. Some products contain alcohol which can irritate skin more easily if you're already prone to hives.
While some people experience only one episode of hives every year, others suffer many more often. If you have chronic hives, talk with your doctor about what causes them and how you can best manage the condition.
The severity of HS can range from minor to severe. There are only one or a few bumps in one region of the skin with mild HS. A mild case will frequently develop into a moderate condition. Recurrences of the lumps that become larger and burst open are a feature of moderate HS. Severe HS results in large areas of the skin being covered by bumps that do not heal up. People with severe HS may also have pain, sensitivity to heat and cold, and dry skin.
People with mild HS may not need treatment. However, people with moderate to severe HS may benefit from medications or other therapies.
There is no cure for HS, but there are many ways to manage it. Treatment includes topical medications, oral medications, and alternative treatments. It's important to see your dermatologist for a diagnosis and recommendation for treatment.
The majority of the time, HSP improves and disappears entirely within a month. HSP relapses occasionally; this is especially frequent when a child's kidneys are affected. If HSP recurs, it is generally milder than the first time. Its severity varies from person to person.
HSP can affect any part of the body, but most cases involve the skin. HSP rarely causes serious problems other than pain when you touch someone who is cold or hot. It is estimated that about 10% of people with HSP will develop kidney disease over time. This occurs because the constant pain may cause people to neglect their health habits (such as missing dialysis sessions) which can lead to kidney failure.
There is no cure for HSP, but many treatments are used to control its symptoms. Heatstroke is a severe medical condition that requires immediate treatment by a health care professional.
Heat exhaustion is much less severe than heatstroke and can be treated at home. People who suffer from heat exhaustion have a fever and may feel weak or sick. They often need to rest in a cool room until they recover. Home remedies include drinking plenty of fluids, taking a cold shower, and applying cold packs to muscles that are sore. A heat-related illness such as heatstroke or heat exhaustion can be fatal if not treated immediately.
HS can be exceedingly painful and debilitating, but it is seldom fatal, happening primarily when a bacterial infection causes an overwhelming systemic infection in a person with a compromised immune system. The virus that causes HS also does not cause cancer. However, if the infection is not treated quickly, it may spread throughout the body and lead to multiple serious complications including stroke, kidney failure, and even death.
In general, a weakened immune system makes you more susceptible to infections and diseases. This is true for people with HIV/AIDS as well as those who are healthy but have reduced immunity due to other reasons. In this case, infections will easily spread and cause problems all over the body. For example, someone who has low numbers of T cells may develop large areas of skin where HS lesions occur. These individuals are at risk for developing blood infections (sepsis) because their bodies are unable to fight off common bacteria that exist in the environment.
People with AIDS usually die from one of two things: either the infection they have leads to their immune system being so weak that it cannot fight off another infection, or they develop drugs for their infection which kill them anyway. Healthies survivors often suffer from chronic infections and severe illnesses as a result of their suppressed immune systems being too weak to fight off regular bugs.