If you've had two miscarriages in a row, you're deemed to have suffered RPL. Pregnancy losses during the first trimester can be caused by a number of reasons, including autoimmune disorders, endocrine disorders, and uterine malformations. A second loss may be due to genetic abnormalities that were present in the embryo or fetus. This would mean that you have a hereditary cause for your multiple losses.
However, it's important to remember that pregnancy losses are common. According to the Mayo Clinic, up to 20% of pregnancies end in miscarriage. Many women who have more than one loss assume that they have a disease that requires treatment, when in fact it's just part of being a woman and having babies.
Your doctor will perform a complete medical work-up to determine the cause of your losses and give you appropriate treatment. For example, if you have a history of thyroid problems, you might be given medication to treat them. If an underlying condition is found, then proper management should help prevent future losses.
It's normal to feel sad, angry, frustrated, or any other emotion after experiencing a loss. It's important to take time out for yourself after these events so you don't go crazy. Talk with friends or family about how you're feeling; this helps keep you from being alone when you need support the most.
Recurrent miscarriage, also known as recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL), is defined as two or more losses. It was often assumed that three miscarriages was "too many," yet we detect the same amount of issues whether we test after two, three, or more losses. Issues can include missing or abnormal chromosomes, problems with the placenta, and other medical causes.
The majority of women who experience a loss will go on to have a healthy baby. For those who do not, each additional loss increases their chance of having another early birth. This is because the risk of having an infant born before 37 weeks' gestation rises with each subsequent loss.
Women who have experienced three or more consecutive losses should be tested for genetic abnormalities that could lead to fetal death if not treated. Women who carry such mutations should be referred for genetic counseling so that they can be offered potential treatments to improve future fertility.
In general, there is no clear number after which your chances of having another miscarriage rise. It depends on your age, how many losses you've had, and any medical conditions you may have. The best way to reduce your risk of having another loss is through preventive care. Regular prenatal visits are very important, as are tests done during pregnancy to screen for diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. Avoid smoking and drink only in moderation if you want to stay healthy and avoid complications during pregnancy.
The most prevalent cause of pregnancy loss is a chromosomal abnormality that prevents the fetus from developing correctly. A miscarriage might also be caused by aberrant hormone levels in the mother, such as thyroid hormone. Diabetes that is uncontrolled during pregnancy can also lead to a miscarriage.
Miscarriages can also be caused by factors such as infections (especially HIV/AIDS), poor nutrition, and certain medications. However, these are relatively rare causes of miscarriage.
Most miscarriages occur before the 12th week of gestation and are called early miscarriages. After this point, a small number of miscarriages are due to genetic abnormalities present in the embryo. These should not be considered normal losses and need to be investigated by a professional diagnosing laboratory.
Some women who have had multiple miscarriages may want to consider genetic testing to identify any potential medical conditions or inherited mutations that could be responsible. For example, women with a family history of genetic diseases such as cancer may want to know about genetic mutations in their DNA that could increase their risk for other illnesses.
Women who have had a prior fetal death should be warned that future miscarriages may be due to autoimmune disorders that can harm both the mother and her child. Therefore, regular checkups are recommended for both mothers and children after such events so that any problems can be detected early.
The majority of miscarriages are triggered by outside events over which the lady has no control. Genetic problems are a major cause of miscarriage early in pregnancy. Around 80% of miscarriages happen during the first trimester, which lasts from 0 and 13 weeks. The remaining 20% occur after the first trimester.
Many factors can increase a woman's risk of miscarriage including age, weight, health issues like diabetes and heart disease, smoking, alcohol use, unplanned pregnancy, and poverty. Genetic problems also play a role. A family history of miscarriage increases your risk as well.
About half of all miscarriages are due to genetic problems with embryo development. For example, you may be born with an abnormal number of chromosomes (called a syndrome) that can lead to miscarriage. A better term for these types of syndromes is "genetic disorders." Other causes of genetic miscarriage include thalidomide exposure, certain infections, and certain medications. Women who have had a previous miscarriage are often advised to have their reproductive organs scanned to look for any problems with their fallopian tubes or ovaries. If problems are found, treatment may be recommended to try and prevent future losses.
Women should not worry about losing a pregnancy too soon. The vast majority of pregnancies last until at least 22 weeks. Only 1 in 100 babies dies before reaching week 22. The most common reason for early loss is unknown.
Miscarriage is far less common in the second trimester, although it can still happen. The first indication is generally vaginal bleeding. Miscarriages in the second trimester (before 20 weeks) can be caused by a variety of reasons, including uterine septum. Miscarriages after 20 weeks are usually due to medical issues such as fetal abnormalities or placental problems.