Cardiac arrest is the sudden loss of cardiac function that occurs when the heart stops beating. When a person's heart stops beating, they lose consciousness, stop breathing regularly, and their pulse and blood pressure are missing. Survival after cardiac arrest depends on how soon it is found out and treated. There are ways to help the body continue to function even when the brain has stopped getting oxygen. One way is to give the patient cold water to drink because the body uses energy to cool itself down. Also, keeping the head elevated above the bed for several days can help the brain receive more oxygen.
When an electrical disruption in the heart causes it to stop abruptly, the flow of blood to the brain and essential organs is halted. If the cardiac beat is not restored by an electrical shock, death might occur within minutes. The most common cause of sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is some form of cardiomyopathy (a disease of the heart muscle), usually caused by a chronic condition such as diabetes or hypertension. However, SCA can also be triggered by acute problems with the heart's structure or function. For example, if you have a history of heart failure, you are more likely to suffer from another episode if you have fluid in your lungs. This is because excess fluid makes it harder for your heart to do its job.
Sudden cardiac arrest is a rare but serious condition that can happen to anyone at any time. It can be caused by many different factors; the most common being heart problems. Other factors include physical trauma to the body, such as a car accident; emotional stress; and certain medications. If you are experiencing symptoms of sudden cardiac arrest, call 911 immediately. The first responders will begin life-saving measures while you wait for medical help to arrive.
It frequently happens along with cardiac arrest, but not always. However, in the context of advanced cardiovascular life support, respiratory arrest is defined as a situation in which a patient ceases breathing but retains a pulse. Importantly, respiratory arrest can occur when breathing is inefficient, such as while suffering from agonal gasping. In this case, oxygen levels in blood drop to zero while carbon dioxide levels rise. This causes muscle tension and spasms, which may make it difficult or impossible for the patient to breathe.
The patient's condition requires immediate attention because lack of oxygen will cause brain damage within minutes. Doctors use several techniques to ensure proper breathing during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The first step is to check for a pulse. If it is not found, further examination should be conducted to locate the source of the problem. For example, doctors may want to know if the patient has been choking or has a blockage in their airway. If so, they will need to be cleared before CPR can continue.
CPR involves using the arms and legs to pump the chest until healthy breaths are restored to the body. It is important not to delay any longer than necessary between checking for a pulse and starting CPR. The more time that passes without a pulse being found, the less likely it is that CPR will be able to restore it.
After proper breathing has been established, additional measures can be taken to maintain oxygen levels in the blood and prevent further tissue damage.