Low vitamin D levels are linked to excess body fat, elevated blood glucose, and impaired insulin sensitivity. As a result, vitamin D insufficiency may be a risk factor for obesity and insulin resistance.
Vitamin D plays a role in regulating the function of the pancreas. The presence of vitamin D receptors in pancreatic cells suggests that it may have a role in regulating insulin production and secretion. Studies in animals have shown that when they lack vitamin D or have low levels of it, their insulin production is reduced. However human studies have not confirmed these findings. More research is needed on this topic.
In conclusion, there is some evidence that links low vitamin D levels with insulin resistance. Further study is needed to confirm these findings and identify other possible health effects of vitamin D.
1 Type 1 Diabetes You are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes if you are vitamin D deficient. Vitamin D aids in the production of hormones that control blood sugar levels. Your blood sugar is more prone to vary and spiral out of control if you don't have it. Supplementing with 400 IU per day for four months reduced the number of days per month that patients with type 1 diabetes experienced high blood sugars by about one third.
2 Type 2 Diabetes There is some evidence that suggests people who are vitamin D deficient are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes. Studies show that those who make less than 50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL) of vitamin D are 3 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those who make more than 75 nmol/L (30 ng/mL).
3 Prediabetes People with prediabetes are at increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. According to research, individuals with prediabetes are 5-10 times more likely to develop type 2 diabetes than those without prediabetes. Taking vitamin D supplements could help reduce your risk for developing type 2 diabetes.
4 The Skin's Role in Diabetes Management Vitamin D is produced when skin cells absorb sunlight. Sunlight helps produce these cells and other substances that protect us from sun damage. People with diabetes may need more sun exposure or use of sunscreen to prevent skin cancer.
You might be at risk of developing more serious heart disease. People with low vitamin D levels had a 32% higher risk of coronary artery disease than those with normal levels. Other studies have shown similar results for other chronic diseases, including diabetes and cancer.
Vitamin D is best absorbed when it is taken as a supplement rather than from food. Only about 1% of the population are deficient in vitamin D, but many are actually deficient in another essential nutrient called iron. Because both vitamins D and iron are needed for our bodies to function properly, being deficient in either one can lead to serious health problems. For this reason, it's important not to underestimate your body's need for these nutrients. The only way to know for sure whether you're getting enough vitamin D is by having your blood tested.
Recent research suggests that those with adequate vitamin D levels may be less likely to acquire type 2 diabetes, and that vitamin D may help keep blood glucose levels under control. Vitamin D levels, according to the University of Maryland Medical Center, may be linked to type 2 diabetes. The study found that people who had higher levels of vitamin D were less likely to develop diabetes.
Vitamin D is needed for healthy bones and teeth. It also plays a role in regulating blood sugar by helping the body use or dispose of insulin properly. The body makes vitamin D when sunlight hits bare skin. People who live in northern climates may not make enough of this vitamin during the winter months. Eating only fish does not provide enough vitamin D; instead, eat salmon twice a week for the best source.
Diabetes can lead to poor bone health. Studies have shown that individuals with diabetes are at increased risk for fractures. This may be due to altered bone metabolism associated with diabetes or inadequate treatment of hyperglycemia (high blood sugar). Bone disease may also cause individuals to be more prone to fractures. Both men and women with diabetes are at high risk for developing osteoporosis. However, men with diabetes are at greater risk for complications such as foot problems, nerve damage, and heart disease that may affect their ability to fight infections if they become sick.
Observational studies demonstrate that those with low vitamin D levels have worse physical function, such as slower stride, poor physical performance and balance, and decreased strength. Experimental studies show that supplementation with vitamin D can improve muscle strength and balance in older adults.
A study conducted by the Harvard School of Public Health found that elderly people who had higher levels of vitamin D in their blood were less likely to suffer from dementia or other cognitive disorders. The study also showed that higher levels of vitamin D helped prevent falls in older people by improving their sense of balance and mobility.
The best source of vitamin D is sunlight exposure on skin. However, for individuals who are dark-skinned or live at high altitudes, it may be necessary to take a supplement. According to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), men age 50 and older and women age 70 and older should get 10 micrograms (mcg) of vitamin D daily. Children age 9-18 need 5 mcg daily while adults age 19 and older require only 2.5 mcg daily.
Those who are obese or have osteoporosis may need more than the recommended dose of vitamin D. Experts advise checking your vitamin D level if you experience any of these symptoms: pain when walking, falling down often, confusion, memory problems, depression or anxiety.
Improvements in total cholesterol and triglycerides were more significant in patients who were vitamin D deficient at the start. Conclusions: Vitamin D supplementation seemed to reduce blood total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels but not HDL cholesterol levels.
Furthermore, observational studies found a link between vitamin D insufficiency and an increased risk of hypertension, atherosclerosis, and heart failure. However, subsequent clinical intervention trials have failed to establish a link between vitamin D administration and improved cardiovascular health. The evidence thus far does not support the use of vitamin D supplements for preventing cardiovascular disease.
A lack of vitamin D has been related to an increased risk of dyslipidemia. According to a recent research presented at the American College of Cardiology's (ACC) 65th Annual Scientific Sessions, higher vitamin D levels appear to be connected with higher total cholesterol levels and higher HDL cholesterol levels. The study also found that people who were deficient in vitamin D had higher rates of heart disease than those who were not deficient.
Vitamin D is best known for its role in calcium metabolism but it can also be obtained from food such as fish oil, mushrooms, and eggs. Humans are prone to develop vitamin D deficiencies due to the fact that we don't produce it naturally through sun exposure. Instead, our bodies only make it when exposed to sunlight rays beams containing ultraviolet B radiation. Age, sunscreen use, and skin color influence how much vitamin D one can get from the sun.
People worry about their cholesterol levels and try to keep them as low as possible to avoid heart disease. But there are other factors involved in causing heart disease beyond just your cholesterol levels. There are things like hypertension, smoking, diabetes, obesity, and alcohol consumption that can raise your risk of having a heart attack if you have them too. Vitamin D may be another factor involved in raising or lowering your chances of having a heart problem over time.
Vitamin D helps your body metabolize cholesterol by regulating the activity of genes involved in cholesterol metabolism.