Although there is no cure for certain chronic lung diseases, medical therapy may help lower the intensity of the symptoms. In some cases, surgery may be necessary to repair damage or remove diseased tissue or tumors.
The respiratory system consists of two main organs: the lungs and the heart. These organs work together to supply oxygen to the body and remove carbon dioxide. The lungs are a complex organ structure that performs three primary functions: gas exchange, water balance, and immune defense. They consist of multiple sections that expand and contract to allow air in and out of the lungs. The trachea (windpipe) branches into right and left bronchi which divide into smaller tubes called lobes which terminate in tiny sacs called alveoli. Alveoli are where gas exchange occurs between blood and air.
The lungs can heal after injury or disease, but it takes time. During this process, they undergo remodeling so that the injured area can eventually be replaced with new tissue. Remodeling includes changes such as thickening of the walls of the lungs, enlargement of the air spaces, and growth of new tissue. It also includes changes to the blood vessels connected to the lungs, such as widening of the arteries or narrowing of the veins.
We can only treat the symptoms of Black Lung Disease because there is no cure. Inhaled steroids, for example, can help patients breathe more freely. More severe instances may necessitate the use of oxygen as well as lung transplants. Stopping smoking, which also kills lung tissue, is one measure patients may take.
Black lung disease is a type of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Like other forms of COPD, it results from repeated episodes of airway obstruction that produce increased levels of dust in the lungs. Over time, this dust impairs the ability of the lungs to clear out waste gas and fluid. It can lead to emphysema or bronchitis.
There are two types of black lung disease: progressive massive fibrosis (PMF) and coal worker's pneumoconiosis (CWP). They are both types of coal workers' pneumoconiosis. With PMF, large areas of lung tissue are destroyed, leaving only scarring. This type of disease is often found in older men who have been exposed to high levels of coal dust for many years. With CWP, small lesions develop on the surfaces of the lungs where coal has been breathed in. These lesions usually heal over time but sometimes they don't. The person is at risk for developing emphysema if they continue to work in conditions harmful to their lungs.
The cause of black lung disease is exposure to airborne particles containing coal dust.
Advertisement Although the lung damage produced by pulmonary fibrosis cannot be restored, drugs and treatments can occasionally assist to alleviate symptoms and improve quality of life. A lung transplant may be appropriate for certain persons.
The lungs are a pair of muscle-powered pumps that work together to move blood through our bodies. You use your muscles when you breathe in and out because this action forces air into and out of your lungs. Your lungs will always be working to keep their airways open and clear out mucus or other material that might block these airways.
When you breathe in, small muscles in your lungs contract, forcing air into your bronchi (the large airways that branch off of the trachea). This movement pushes any mucus or other material up toward the top of your chest where it can be coughed up later. Healthy lungs contain few if any scars or lesions caused by injury or disease. The lungs are made up of many small lobes that join together to form larger lobes. Each lobe is divided into sections called bronchi that carry air into and out of the lung. The bronchi are surrounded by soft tissue called pleura which covers and protects them.
Lungs are a common site for cancer to start.