According to studies, up to 90% of people with misdiagnosed COPD get COPD therapies on a regular basis, which might result in adverse outcomes and increase expenses to the healthcare system. Furthermore, other researches estimate that between 5% and 62 percent of COPD patients had been misdiagnosed. Other lung diseases that should be considered in the diagnosis of COPD include asthma, bronchitis, pneumonia, heart disease, and emphysema.
COPD is often confused with asthma because they appear to involve many of the same symptoms. However, they differ in two important ways: asthma tends to be more likely to occur in young adults while COPD is more common as you get older. Also, asthma can be controlled by medications while COPD cannot be cured but it can be managed.
Many people with COPD also have asthma or both disorders combined in what's called "airway hyperresponsiveness". This means that their airways are sensitive to certain factors such as cigarette smoke, pollen, dust mites, and viruses. When these triggers trigger an asthmatic response, there is increased mucus production, tightness of the muscles around the airways, swelling, and sometimes bleeding. In people who have both COPD and asthma, these responses are usually stronger to cigarettes smoke than in those with only one of these conditions.
People with COPD may also have trouble breathing because of lung infections or severe allergies.
The patient's symptoms, weight loss, exercise intolerance, exacerbations, health-related quality of life, health resource consumption, and mortality are all repercussions of COPD. The most important consequence of COPD is that it causes death. In fact, COPD is a leading cause of death worldwide.
COPD affects the lungs' airways to such an extent that they no longer produce the mucus they were designed to produce. This leads to problems breathing, losing weight, exercising, and sleeping. There are two main types of COPD: chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). This means your lungs are damaged by smoking or another respiratory condition such as asthma. Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a condition in which you don't get enough deep breaths while you sleep. This can lead to daytime drowsiness and fatigue, a poor memory, and increased risk of injury due to lack of oxygen during sleep.
There are different treatments for COPD depending on what type you have. If your lung problems are caused by cigarette smoke, stopping smoking will help relieve your symptoms and prevent further damage to your lungs. If your breathing problems result from other factors such as high blood pressure, heart failure, or obesity, treating the underlying problem may be all that's needed to improve your COPD symptoms.
According to a 2005 prevalence research, the illness has a 14 percent prevalence rate in Metro Manila and a 20 percent prevalence rate in rural regions. COPD patients may be treated with both pharmacological and non-pharmacological therapy. Non-pharmacological treatments include smoking cessation programs, exercise programs, and oxygen treatment.
COPD is characterized by progressive airflow limitation that results from inflammation of the lungs. The condition affects about 10 million people worldwide and over 200,000 individuals in the United States. It is estimated that it will become the leading cause of death worldwide by 2020.
COPD is divided into two main types: chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Both conditions involve the development of airway inflammation that leads to excessive mucus production, increased sensitivity to gases (particularly smoke), muscle weakness, and reduced lung function. However, they are diagnosed and treated differently than each other, with different medications being used to treat them.
Chronic bronchitis is characterized by persistent cough with sputum production for at least three months out of every year for two years or more. Emphysema is defined as irreversible damage to lung tissue due to prolonged exposure to noxious particles or gases. This disease causes loss of elasticity in the lungs resulting in decreased gas exchangeability.