Capnocytophaga bacteria are rarely transmitted to humans by bites, scratches, or intimate contact with a dog or cat and can cause sickness, including sepsis. The vast majority of individuals who come into touch with a dog or cat do not become ill. However, in rare cases, someone may get sick from an animal they have touched. This usually happens after being bitten by an infected dog or after being scratched by an infected cat. When this does happen, the person's symptoms will be much like those of people who are suffering from sepsis—high temperatures, pain during urination, vomiting, and diarrhea are only some of the problems such patients may experience.
If you are worried that your pet might be infected with Capnocytophaga, take him to the vet immediately so that proper treatment can be given before any serious complications arise.
How is the bacterium transmitted to humans? According to the CDC, Capnocytophaga bacteria can be transferred by bites, scratches, or intimate contact with a dog or cat and cause disease. Doctors advise individuals to seek medical attention if their dog licks a scrape or scratch on their skin. A dental procedure called tooth brushing can also transmit Capnocytophaga bacteria from one animal to another.
What are the symptoms of Capnocytophaga canimorsus infection? According to the Mayo Clinic, dogs can carry this bacteria without showing any signs of illness. However, if an infected dog bites someone then the bacteria can spread through the saliva into the open wound and cause severe complications. Symptoms include fever, muscle pain, weakness, sore throat, and swelling of the face. If not treated, these symptoms may lead to kidney failure.
How do you prevent getting a dog-related disease? The University of Pennsylvania's Center for Pet Health advises that individuals should never allow their dog to lick them during grooming or after a walk. They also suggest using protective clothing or footwear when working with pets.
Dogs can transfer many diseases to people. With proper treatment, most people recover from these infections. However, some can occur years after the initial infection has been resolved. For example, someone who has had diabetes for several years may develop a similar condition due to the presence of bacteria in their blood stream.
Capnocytophaga canimorsus is a bacteria that is spread by dog saliva. An infection can produce severe sepsis with acral necrosis, which can be deadly. Although rare, it is possible for a person to get Capnocytophaga from contact with an animal bite. The wound must be exposed to the environment for at least 15 minutes before you get sick.
If you are getting bites from different animals, call your doctor immediately. It may be necessary to take antibiotics to treat both infections.
You can potentially contract the disease if saliva from an infected cat enters an open wound or comes into contact with the whites of your eyes. You can catch the sickness through a flea or a tick that has the bacteria. You cannot contract cat scratch sickness from another person. A human cannot become sick from touching a cat or being scratched by it.
The most common symptom is fever, but some people may also have chills, cough, sore throat, or muscle pain. If you are scratching yourself because of itching, there is no way to tell whether or not you have the virus. It can take up to 12 months after being exposed to the virus before developing symptoms.
People who live with cats are at risk of getting cat scratch fever because they are likely to come in contact with the bacteria that cause the infection. To avoid getting sick, keep pets away from your face and wash your hands after being around them.
Cat scratch fever is rare but can be serious. Avoid exposing yourself to cat urine or faeces by keeping pets indoors and using dog doors or screens to let them out when needed.
If you do develop symptoms, see your doctor immediately. They include fever over 100 degrees Fahrenheit, coughing, sore throat, muscle pain, and feeling poorly refreshed even after sleeping. Do not wait until after feeling ill to go to a hospital.
Is my dog infectious to me or other animals? No Staphylococcus is a typical inhabitant of the skin of all dogs, cats, and humans. Only when the skin is injured or there is an underlying medical issue can infection arise. This common bacterium is responsible for several types of disease in people and animals. It can cause staph infections of the skin, lungs, urinary tract, heart valves, and joints. In dogs, it can also lead to meningitis, septicemia (bloodstream infection), endocarditis (infection of the lining of the heart), and pneumonia.
However, Staphylococcus cannot spread from animal to animal. You should not be afraid of your dog if he has a staph infection. Rather, make sure that he gets proper treatment as soon as you notice any signs of illness.
Many bacteria species live on the skin of dogs without creating any symptoms. Infection occurs when environmental factors allow germs to grow. A flea infestation, an allergic response, a wound, or an underlying condition that depletes the immune system might all be the cause. The most common symptom is a red or scaly patch on the dog's skin.
Bacterial skin infections are common in puppies. The bacteria that normally inhabit the puppy's digestive system can move into the surrounding skin when the puppy's defense mechanisms aren't fully developed. These bacteria don't cause problems for most puppies, but they can spread to cause skin infections in older dogs or those with compromised immune systems.
Dogs can get bacterial skin infections from contact with other animals or people. Pets that live in kennels or cages with other dogs or cats are at risk for these types of infections. If you adopt a dog from a shelter or rescue group, be sure to ask how they manage parasites. They might use products with chemicals known as demodectics (d-moe-deek-tics). These products kill the bacteria and other organisms that may be living on the animal's body. There are also safe ways to treat fleas and ticks that do not involve using pesticides. Your vet can tell you more about these methods.
People can also get skin infections from dogs.