A previously healthy 3-month-old girl arrived with diarrhea, pale feces that progressed with time, weight loss, and jaundice. Preliminary findings revealed obstructive cholestatic jaundice with elevated g-glutamine transferase activity, conjugated bilirubin, and bile salts. She was started on phototherapy and underwent successful liver transplantation after developing cerebral edema due to kernicterus.
Jaundice is the color of the skin and eyes caused by increased levels of pigment in the blood. It is usually a sign that something is wrong with the body's balance between red blood cells (RBCs) and white blood cells (WBCs). Too many RBCs or WBCs can lead to jaundice. Jaundice can also be caused by problems with the liver, pancreas, or gallbladder. Some types of cancer and certain other diseases can also cause jaundice.
Jaundice can happen at any age but most infants are born with it. Infants may not show any signs of jaundice until they reach several months old. However, some babies may appear yellow from the beginning of life. The cause of infantile jaundice is not known but it is thought to be related to hormones released during pregnancy.
Jaundice occurs when too much bilirubin accumulates in your baby's body. Bilirubin is a yellow chemical produced by the body when old red blood cells are broken down. It is filtered from the blood by the liver and exits the body through the feces (poop). If your baby is jaundiced, then they have yellow skin and eyes due to the presence of bilirubin in their bloodstream. This condition can be dangerous if it is not treated promptly, so it is important that you take your baby to the doctor immediately if they show signs of jaundice.
Here are some other signs that your baby may be jaundiced:
Yellowing of the skin or the whites of the eye - This indicates that there is too much bilirubin in the body. Your baby needs to be checked by a doctor right away if they have yellow skin or eyes.
Decrease in activity - If your jaundiced baby seems less active than usual, this could be a sign that they are feeling sick. In addition, sleeping more than usual might indicate that they are dealing with excess bilirubin levels in their bodies. Take them to the doctor so they can be checked out properly.
Poor appetite - If your baby is not eating well but has not changed color, this could be a sign that they are suffering from jaundice.
If a parent feels that their infant still has jaundice after 14 days, they should examine the color of their baby's faeces. Poop that is pale or white may indicate liver illness. Yellow pee is another indicator to keep an eye out for. If the baby's feces is white or pale, the doctor may want to check their bilirubin levels. This is a blood test that measures the amount of pigment in the blood.
Jaundice can be caused by many different things, such as birth trauma, genetic conditions, infections, and some medications. The good news is that most of these causes can be treated successfully with medicine or surgery. Some examples include treatment for bacterial conjunctivitis or pink eye; fever; cough; sore throat; ear infection; bed-wetting; urinary tract infection (UTI); pneumonia. There are two types of jaundice: acute jaundice and chronic jaundice.
Acute jaundice usually goes away on its own after several weeks. It is usually not serious and does not need medical attention unless your baby starts having pain or discomfort when moving their body, eating, or drinking. In this case, you should take them to the doctor immediately so they can check them over for any possible internal problems related to their jaundiced skin.
Chronic jaundice is always cause for concern. This type of jaundice will continue to develop over time if it is not treated.
Jaundice is prevalent in newborn newborns because their blood contains a large number of red blood cells that are constantly broken down and replenished. Furthermore, because a newborn baby's liver is still developing, it is less effective at eliminating bilirubin from the blood. As a result, newborns with jaundice have higher-than-normal levels of this marker on both urine and blood tests.
Newborns' skin is very sensitive to the sun's ultraviolet (UV) rays. Because babies cannot protect themselves by wearing sunscreen or staying in the shade, it is important that you prevent them from being exposed to sunlight. Even indoor sunlight can be harmful; therefore, make sure that your infant does not sit in the window enjoying the morning light.
If you have a yellowed skin tone or feel weak when you get up out of bed, then you may have hepatitis. This disease causes the liver to produce blood cells more rapidly than normal, resulting in anemia, weakness, nausea, stomach pain, and vomiting. Although most cases of hepatitis are not serious, some types are more likely to lead to heart problems or liver failure. There are two main types of hepatitis: viral and alcoholic. The most common type is viral hepatitis, which can be caused by one of several different viruses. Viral hepatitis can sometimes be passed on to others through sexual contact or injecting drug use.