Most STDs are treatable with antibiotics or antiviral medicines. Four STDs, however, remain incurable: hepatitis B, herpes, and gonorrhea. Also, the severity of symptoms for some STDs may not be apparent until after the disease has been present for some time. Prompt treatment before any symptoms appear can prevent infection of others or damage to the affected organs.
STDs are caused by bacteria, viruses, or parasites. Some STDs are readily cured while others may lead to serious long-term effects if not treated promptly. It is important to seek medical help immediately if you suspect you have an STD. Your health care provider will conduct a complete physical examination and test samples from various sites in your body for the presence of STD pathogens. He or she will also ask about your sexual history and perform a pelvic exam if necessary.
Many people believe that since they do not have all the signs or symptoms of an STD, no doctor should diagnose them as infected. This is not true; only a physician can make this determination. However, there are several diseases with similar symptoms that require different treatments. A doctor needs to know what type of relationship you have with each other so he or she can provide appropriate advice.
Thankfully, the list of incurable STDs is limited. Hepatitis B, herpes, HIV (human immunodeficiency syndrome), and HPV are the four untreatable STDs (human papillomavirus). Viruses are to blame for all of them. Two of these, hepatitis B and HIV, can also be spread through intravenous drug sharing.
Hepatitis B and herpes are both viruses that can cause fever, pain, red eyes, sore throat, and inflamed glands. People can get infected with either virus but not both. HIV causes AIDS and is also a virus that can be passed from one person to another through sexual contact or injection-drug use. It can also be passed from an infected person to a noninfected person through blood products, breast milk, or vaginal fluids. The final STD, HPV, does not actually infect your body but instead infects your skin cells. Most infections caused by this virus will go away on their own after several months but sometimes it can lead to cancer. There is a vaccine available for HPV but not all countries have approved it for use in girls and women.
It's very important to know the signs and symptoms of an infectious disease because it can be fatal if you don't seek treatment immediately. If you suspect you may have an infection, talk to your doctor about what tests need to be done. He or she should be able to tell you if any other tests are needed beyond the standard blood work.
Do you require a private and quick STD test? If treated early enough, bacterial STDs can be healed with antibiotics. Viral STDs cannot be cured, however symptoms can be managed with drugs. There is a hepatitis B vaccination, but it will not assist you if you already have the condition.
Hepatitis C is usually transmitted through blood to blood contact with infected blood or bodily fluids. The virus can also be transmitted via sexual contact with an infected person, especially if no barrier method is used (e.g., condoms or dental dams). Sharing needles, tattooing instruments, and transfusions before 1992 may have contributed to the spread of HepC. The virus can remain in the body for years without causing any problems, so it is possible to get HepC without knowing it.
The only way to know for sure if you have HepC is through testing. There are two main types of tests: blood tests and DNA tests. A blood test can show signs of current or past infection with HepC viruses. A DNA test can reveal whether you have specific genes associated with increased risk of developing liver cancer.
VD is a chronic disease that can cause serious long-term complications if not treated properly. However, with proper treatment, most people who are infected with the virus will recover.
In conclusion, viral diseases can be cured if they are diagnosed and treated early enough.
HPV is the most common sexually transmitted disease. About 40 million people in the United States are infected with HPV. Of those infected, about 1 in 4 will become sick with HPV-related diseases such as genital warts or cancer.
HPV enters through tiny breaks in the skin caused by friction or contact with contaminated objects such as fingers or toys. It can be passed on through sexual contact with an infected partner. The virus lives inside cells of the body and causes mild symptoms to serious health problems if it isn't treated. There are two types of HPV: low-risk types that cause warts and high-risk types that lead to more serious diseases such as cervical cancer.
While there are treatments for some HPV infections, there are currently no vaccines available to prevent HPV infection or its related diseases.
Herpes is a condition caused by a virus that can stay in the body forever without causing any symptoms. Herpes affects nearly half of all adults at some point in their lives. Out of the three main types of herpes, only HSV-1 causes cold sores. HSV-2 is responsible for most cases of genital herpes.
Some STIs are curable. Other STIs and blood-borne viruses, such as herpes and HIV, cannot be cured, but can be properly treated. There are vaccines available for hepatitis B and HPV, both of which can cause genital warts. It is critical to use condoms and water-based lubricants to lower your risk of infection.